What is the Canada's Express Entry Program?
The Express Entry system was introduced by the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This process helps in selecting skilled workers from foreign countries or temporary workers for residing and settling in Canada. Skilled immigrants selected through the Express Entry program get the chance to earn permanent residency in Canada. There are 3 immigration pathways under the Express Entry program and they all have a different set of eligibility requirements.
Express Entry Programs
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW)
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Some provinces in Canada have their own Express Entry systems and components. When the eligible candidate gets a nomination issued by the provincial authority through their own Provincial Nominee Programs, the nomination can be included with the Express Entry submission.
How can You Apply for the Express Entry?
- The first step to the Express Entry program is to check the eligibility of the program.
- Once you have verified the eligibility, the next thing is creating the profile and uploading relevant documents that will be required.
- The applicant will have a total of 90 days to complete the profile fully. You need to fill up all your verified personal information and also your skills.
- As the Express Entry system is a skills-based immigration system, the skills you will highlight in the profile will help you score points.
- Candidates are then filtered based on the points scored in the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
- Once the application is approved by the IRCC, applicants enter the Express Entry pool.
- Candidates are ranked inside the pool on the basis of the CRS scores. IRCC sends Invitation to Apply (ITA) to eligible candidates for a chance of Permanent Residency.
How are Points Calculated and How Long is the Processing Time?
Points in the Comprehensive Ranking System is given based on
- Language proficiency
- Relevant work experience
In addition to this, candidates can even increase their points in the Express Entry pool by
- Completing a degree or diploma from a Canadian Institute
- Acquiring a valid job offer
- Getting a nomination issued by the provincial authority
How long the application will stay in the pool depends on two factors, the CRS score and the plans of the Canadian government regarding the Express Entry draw. In general, the application can stay for a maximum of 12 months in the pool. Once the candidate gets an ITA, the application for PR has to be submitted within the next 60 days.
If any candidate doesn’t get an invitation within 12 months, then he or she is required to enter the Express Entry pool again. It can be done by updating the profile.
When can Your Application be Refused?
In certain cases, the candidate’s PR application can be refused and a candidate may have to re-submit the application (Scenario-based):-
Here are some of the reasons why an Invitation to Apply can be refused:-
- If the candidate fails to meet the eligibility requirements.
- If a candidate has provided false information or forged documents.
- If there are unforeseen errors in the Express Entry profile submission.
- When the candidate cannot optimize the points according to the regulations stated in the Express Entry system.
- If a candidate has previous criminal records.
Canada Express Entry Programs
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